Baltic glass: The development of new creative models based on historical and contemporary contextualization.
Vesele, Anna (2010) Baltic glass: The development of new creative models based on historical and contemporary contextualization. PhD thesis, University of Sunderland.
The aim of this research was to demonstrate the creative potential of a particular type of coloured flat glass. This glass is produced in Russia and is known as Russian glass. The present researcher has refined methods used by Baltic glass artists to create threedimensional artworks. The examination of the development of glass techniques in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania was necessary in order to identify these methods and to contextualize the researcher’s personal practice. This study describes for the first time the development of glass art techniques in the Baltic States from the 1950s to the present day. A multi-method approach was used to address research issues from the perspective of the glass practitioner. The methods consisted of the development of sketches, models and glass artworks using existing and unique assembling methods. The artworks underlined the creative potential of flat material and gave rise to a reduction in costs. In conjunction with these methods, the case studies focused on the identification of similarities among Baltic glass practices and similarities of approach to using various glass techniques. The collaboration with peers and participation at glass events served to position the researcher’s personal practice in the context of glass art in the Baltic States. The practical results of this research demonstrated the potential of Russian glass in the creation of three-dimensional artworks in several ways. The theoretical results also identified the importance of traditional culture and influences among contemporary Baltic glass artists. Links were established between the researcher’s personal practice and the common principles behind that of Baltic artists. The thesis provides practitioners and glass professionals with a significant body of knowledge. The artworks which form part of this thesis demonstrate the potential of the techniques and, it is to be hoped, pave the way for further investigation and development by other glass practitioners.
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